Like it’s Brassica cousin kale, the bright colour in broccoli lets us know it’s filled with free radical fighting goodness. Free radicals are not just a folk band based in Surrey England, they are very nasty little guys which is obvious if you have a powerful microscope and can see them up close.
Let’s just agree broccoli is good for you. It helps to regulate blood pressure with its high amounts of magnesium and calcium, plus ample amounts of potassium help optimise your brain function – making me wonder why the term “Broccoli Brains” never really took off.
Growing broccoli can be amazing simple or equally frustrating depending on the season. As seasoned gardeners know, life in our patch is seldom perfect. Broccoli grows wonderfully quickly in warm weather and uses its water repellent leaves to direct every sprinkle of rain to its roots. However, those warm days and nights also bring out white butterflies, who love to lay eggs on broccoli plants. These eggs turn into green caterpillars which judging by their colour are probably also filled with free-radical fighting goodness. Having accidentally eaten a few in my time I can confirm they test will test the gag reflex of Mick Dundee and are best removed before cooking…
Having seen the pest issues with broccoli when I’ve been growing it, I’d really recommend it’s one vegetable you only purchase organically – especially in summer.
My personal growing strategy it to grow all year around, but cover the crops from late spring through to late autumn with an appropriate barrier draped over hoops.
Otherwise you can spray using an organic based spray (or make your own by steeping crushed garlic in water overnight and straining into a spray bottle). Other less toxic controls include Dipel power which is mixed with water and sprayed onto the foliage. It’s an internal bacterial poison for caterpillars and will kill them in a few days of spraying. This will need to be repeated for follow up infestations.
LIke the rest of the brassica family, broccoli is quite a heavy feeder so make sure you choose rich, well draining soil which has been enriched with composted manure. Sprinkle some pelletised manure over the surface after planting seedlings and water in well. Liquid feed weekly with worm juice or a high nitrogen seaweed product.
I like the readily available ‘green dragon’ as it produces side shoots which are perfect for stir-fries. It also gives you more reward for a plant that takes several months to produce over winter. This year I’m going to try some purple sprouting broccoli which seems quite popular in the UK but less so here. It looks amazing.
How to eat it.
My late autumn planted crop is producing beautiful heads now, so I’ve been trying to include it in a few different dishes. I’ve also starting eating it raw with dip or pesto – just avoid the lower stems as they can be a bit stringy (use them for cooking).
Spanish broccoli and potato Tortilla
This is a great way to use left overs and I think the spanish idea of adding potatoes takes it to a place where frittatas fear to tread.
Cook in a heavy based pan with a generous lug of olive oil. I use a cast iron pan so I can finish the tortilla in the oven. NB: if you’re using raw potatoes, finely dice and add now too.
Gently cook the onion for a few minutes and then add your broccoli (one head of florets) It’s best to pre-steam the broccoli or blanch it. Even better would be using left overs from the day before.
Pop on lid to keep the moisture in and keep cooking on gentle heat. I also add a splash of water if things are looking dry. NB: If your broccoli isn’t pre-cooked this will take a lot longer.
I had some left over baked potatoes so I diced these and added them once the broccoli stems yielded to a sharp knife NB: you can use raw spuds, just dice them finely and add them with the onion at the start. Just make sure they’re cooked – crunchy potatoes will ruin your day!
With a fork beat 6 or so eggs (depending on your pan size really) season and grate in a good handful of parmesan cheese
Making sure all the other ingredients are cooked, pour in your egg mixture
Let it cook on the bottom for another five or so minutes
Place the whole pan into a medium (180 C) oven for about 15 minutes to finish cooking. Don’t do this if you’re pan has any plastic components on it! And remember the handle is very hot – use an oven mitt!
Alternatively you can flip the tortilla onto a plate (just make sure the top is not too runny first) flip it onto another plate and back in the pan so the former top is now in the bottom of the pan. Well I’m confused but this guy makes it look pretty easy.